Who Came Up With The Good Friday Agreement
With regard to the constitutional question of whether Northern Ireland should remain in the United Kingdom or whether it should be part of a unified Ireland, it was agreed that there would be no change without the agreement of the majority. This is called the “consent principle.” Majority opinion could be tested by referendum in the future. Northern Ireland political parties that approved the agreement were also invited to consider the creation of an independent advisory forum, which would represent civil society, with members with expertise on social, cultural, economic and other issues, and would be appointed by both administrations. In 2002, a framework structure was agreed for the North-South Advisory Forum, and in 2006 the Northern Ireland Executive agreed to support its implementation. The multi-party agreement required the parties to “use all the influences they might have” to obtain the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the adoption of the agreement by referendums. The standardization process has forced the British government to reduce the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland “to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society.” These include the elimination of security measures and the abolition of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has pledged to conduct a “thorough review” of its violations of national law. The peace process has successfully achieved the violence of unrest over the past two decades. Since the conclusion of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, it has been necessary to pursue a number of other political and legal agreements aimed at consolidating the peace settlement provided for by the VPA. The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement, as it was concluded on Good Friday on 10 April 1998. It was an agreement between the British and Irish governments and most of northern Ireland`s political parties on how to govern Northern Ireland.
Discussions that led to the agreement have focused on issues that have led to conflict in recent decades. The aim was to form a new de-defyed government for Northern Ireland, where unionists and nationalists would share power. The DUP and Sinn Fein have been unable to settle their disputes for nearly three years, leaving Northern Ireland without a local government until early 2020. Under pressure to compromise or face a new round of voting – and after the DUP was re-elected by the British government following a sovereign victory for Prime Minister Boris Johnson`s Conservative Party in December 2019 – both parties reached a deal that reopened Stormont on 11 January 2020. The agreement was for Northern Ireland to be part of the United Kingdom and remain in place until a majority of the population of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland wished otherwise. If this happens, the British and Irish governments will be “obliged” to implement this decision. In order to show Sinn Féin the benefits of constitutional policy, Reynolds defended U.S. President Bill Clinton for Gerry Adams to obtain a visa for a visit to the United States.